The Political System In The UK – Kavan Choksi
The Conservative Party and the Labour Party are the two main political parties in the UK. British politics is a complex subject that can be divided into three parts: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. The head of the executive is the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the monarch. The legislature comprises two houses: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The judiciary is made up of courts that decide on civil and criminal cases. UK political experts like Kavan Choksi agree that the British political system can be difficult to understand. So today, we will be examining the basics of the UK government, the three branches of government, and the two main political parties in the UK.
Table of Contents
The UK Government
The UK government is a parliamentary democracy. This means that the government is responsible to parliament, which is made up of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The head of the government is the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the monarch. The Prime Minister is the leader of the party that has the most seats in the House of Commons. The Prime Minister appoints other ministers to head government departments.
The three branches of government are the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. The executive branch is responsible for implementing laws and carrying out government policies. The legislature is responsible for making laws. The judiciary is responsible for things like
The Conservative Party
The Conservative Party is one of the two main political parties in the UK. It is a center-right party that believes in free-market economics and individual responsibility. The party was founded in 1834 and is currently led by Boris Johnson.
The Conservative Party won the most seats in the House of Commons in the 2019 General Election, and Boris Johson became Prime Minister. The Conservative Party’s main policies include:
-Reducing government spending
-Introducing new grammar schools
The Labour Party
The Labour Party is the other main political party in the UK. It is a center-left party that believes in using the government to achieve social justice. The primary platforms of the Labour Party are:
-Introducing a National Education Service
-Renationalising key industries
-Introducing a Universal Basic Income
-Reducing income inequality
The Labour Party won the second-most seats in the House of Commons in the 2019 General Election, and Jeremy Corbyn became Leader of the Opposition.
What are the Differences Between the Two Parties?
The primary differences between the two parties include
-The Conservative Party favours free-market capitalism, while the Labour Party favours socialism
-The Conservative Party is more supportive of the monarchy, while the Labour Party is more supportive of democracy
-The Conservative Party is more supportive of the nuclear deterrent, while the Labour Party is more supportive of disarmament
-The Conservative Party is more supportive of NATO, while the Labour Party is more supportive of the UN
The Conservative and Labour Parties have been the two dominant political parties in the UK for many years. However, they both have different ideologies, and their policies reflect this.